A hysterectomy is an operation to remove a woman's uterus. A woman may have a hysterectomy for different reasons, including:
Uterine fibroids that cause pain, bleeding, or other problems Uterine prolapse, which is a sliding of the uterus from its normal position into the vaginal canal Cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovaries Endometriosis Abnormal vaginal bleeding Chronic pelvic pain Adenomyosis, or a thickening of the uterus
Hysterectomy for non cancerous reasons is usually considered only after all other treatment approaches have been tried without success.