About Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is one of the most common congenital (existing before birth or at birth) disorders of childhood. About 500,000 children and adults of all ages in the United States have the condition.

The three types of CP are:
  • spastic cerebral palsy causes stiffness and movement difficulties.
  • athetoid cerebral palsy leads to involuntary and uncontrolled movements.
  • ataxic cerebral palsy causes a disturbed sense of balance and depth perception.

Cerebral palsy affects muscle control and coordination, so even simple movements like standing still are difficult. Other vital functions that also involve motor skills and muscles such as breathing, bladder and bowel control, eating, and learning may also be affected when a child has CP. Cerebral palsy does not get worse over time.