Paediatric Vital Signs

If they are breathing, place them in the recovery position (on their side with arms and upper leg at right angles to the body). This ensures the airway remains clear of obstructions. Note that the recovery position for babies is different. For babies less than a year old, cradle the infant in your arms with their head tilted downwards to make sure they do not choke on their tongue or vomit. Until help arrives, keep checking the baby's vital signs, such as their temperature, pulse and whether they are breathing.

If the casualty is not breathing, call 999 for an ambulance, then begin CPR. Circulation.If the heart stops beating, you can help maintain their circulation by performing a combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths (CPR). If you are not trained or feel unable to give rescue breaths, you can perform compression-only CPR. Agonal breathing is common in the first few minutes after a sudden cardiac arrest (when the heart stops beating). Agonal breathing is sudden, irregular gasps of breath. This should not be mistaken for normal breathing and CPR should be given straight away.

What is normal

Vital signs remain relatively constant throughout our adult life. However, as infants and children grow and age, the normal range changes.