Eczema (Dermatitis)

Eczema is a general term. Dermatologists use it to describe skin conditions that can cause the skin to swell and discolor. The skin is often dry and itchy. Sometimes blisters form.

The most common type of eczema is atopic dermatitis. When people say eczema, this is often what they mean but not always.

If your dermatologist diagnoses you with eczema, your dermatologist may use the word dermatitis. The words eczema and dermatitis often mean the same thing. Below, youll find skin conditions often called eczema and ones often called dermatitis.

Eczema comes in many forms. But the different types of eczema tend to cause these symptoms:
  • Itching. The itching can be intense. The damage to the skin during eczema is often due to scratching.
  • Scaling. The surface of the skin can flake off, giving the skin a rough, scaly appearance.
  • Redness. The affected skin may bleed and appear blotchy.
  • Fluid-filled blisters . These can ooze and form crusts.
  • Cracking. Severely affected skin may develop painful, deep cracks, also called fissures.